Quiz Essay Structure

Here are theanswers (in blue)to the quiz about how to write an essay. (You can read a sample essay at this link. Free videos and PowerPoints about essay writing are available at this link.)

1.  The title of an essay should

a)     be underlined

b)    have quotation marks

c)     end with a period

d)    none of these  (If you’re not publishing the essay, don’t use any unnecessary punctuation in the title)

2.  The first sentence in an essay MUST

a)     get readers interested  (the only job the first sentence MUST do)

b)    state your point of view

c)     provide background

d)    all of these

3.  Suppose you were writing an essay about your job last summer. Which sentence would work best for the beginning of your essay?

a)     Most people have held at least one job.

b)    I had the perfect job last summer.

c)    It was June 8, and I had almost given up hope of finding a good summer job.  (This is the most interesting sentence, so it’s a good one for the start of your essay.)

d)     My job as a resort swim instructor paid well.

4.  Which is the best thesis statement (main point) for the essay about your summer job?

a)    Most people have held at least one job.  (A fact, and a boring one at that.)

b)    I had the perfect job last summer. (This is a strong point that you can develop in your essay: reasons why the job was wonderful.)

c)     It was June 8, and I had almost given up hope of finding a good summer job.

d)     My job as a resort swim instructor paid well.(This is a sub-point that you can develop in a paragraph.)

5.  A topic sentence (the first sentence in a paragraph) should

a)     state a fact(belongs in the body of the paragraph, not the first sentence)

b)    provide interesting detail(belongs in the body of the paragraph, not the first sentence)

c)     predict what the paragraph is about

6.  Which is the best topic sentence (first sentence in a paragraph)?

a)     Most people have held at least one job.

b)    I had the perfect job last summer.

c)     It was June 8, and I had almost given up hope of finding a good summer job.

d)     My job as a resort swim instructor paid well.(Supports your thesis – it was the perfect job – and tells what the paragraph will be about – all the money you made.

7.  The most general sentence in an essay should be the

a)     thesis  (everything that comes after will support your thesis. If you’re writing about the perfect job, you’ll give details about why it was perfect: fun, nice people, good pay, and so on.)

b)    topic sentence

c)     conclusion

d)    climax

8.  Effective transitions include

a)     Most important  (A good essay should build to a climax.)

b)    Finally (“Finally” and “Last but not least” are too weak to serve as effective transitions.)

c)     Last but not least

d)    a, b, and c

9.  Suppose you were writing a paragraph about why you liked your job last summer. Which sentence would appear first in your paragraph?

a)    I made so much money that I was able to pay off my car loan.

b)The pay was much better than I expected.  (This sentence supports your thesis – it was a great job – and predicts what will follow – details about all the money you made.)

c)     In addition to my salary, I often received tips from grateful parents.

d)     My boss encouraged me to work extra hours evenings and weekends.

10.  Suppose you were writing a paragraph about making a lot of money at  your job last summer. Which sentence should appear last in your paragraph?

a)    I made so much money that I was able to pay off my car loan.  (The end of a paragraph should offer details to support the point you’re making.)

b)    The pay was much better than I expected.

c)     In addition to my salary, I often received tips from grateful parents.

d)     My boss encouraged me to work extra hours evenings and weekends.

Click here for free videos and PowerPoints that will help you plan and write an effective essay.

 

I. The Introduction:

-The writer begins with introductory statements that _______________________.
-This can be done by:
1.) 3.)
2.) 4.)
-An introduction always ends with_________________________. -What is this?

II. Body Paragraphs:

-In a five paragraph essay, the essay starts with the ______________ and ends with the _______________.
-The paragraphs between the _______________ and ________________ are called ______________. In a five paragraph essay, the writer would include how many body paragraphs? _______________.
-Body paragraphs always begin with a _____________________.
-A ________________ is like a mini ________________________________________________________________. -Body paragraphs each consist of:
1.) 3.)
2.) 4.)

III. The Conclusion

-The conclusion begins with ________________________________________.
-The conclusion consists of a ____________________ and ends with a __________________________.

I. The Introduction:

-The writer begins with introductory statements that hook the reader. -This can be done by:
1.) Providing an interesting quote.
2.) Providing a strong statement that gets the readers attention. 3.) Providing a statistic
4.) Providing a rhetorical question.
-An introduction always ends with a thesis statement. -What is this?
A thesis statement is one sentence that tells the reader what you are arguing.

II. Body Paragraphs:
-In a five paragraph essay, the essay starts with the introduction and ends with the conclusion.
-The paragraphs between the introduction and the conclusion are called body paragraphs. In a five paragraph essay, the writer would include how many body paragraphs?
Three.
-Body paragraphs always begin with a topic sentence. -A topic sentence is like a mini
thesis statement because it tells the reader what you will argue in the current paragraph.
-Body paragraphs consist of: 1.) A topic sentence
2.) Evidence
3.) Explanation.
4.) A concluding sentence

III. The Conclusion
-The conclusion begins with a thesis statement that has been rephrased.
-After this, the conclusion consists of a recap of main points and ends with an
ending statement that provokes thought (think “so what?”-why should the reader care?).

Name: Period:

The Essay Structure Quiz

Write the letter of the best answer. (10 points each)
____ 1. The five paragraph essay consists of a beginning introduction and a closing conclusion. The paragraphs in between are called:
A. Topic sentences
B. Transition paragraphs C. Body paragraphs
D. Connecting paragraphs
____ 2. The last sentence in the introduction is called the:
A. Thesis statement B. Topic sentence C. Lasting statement D. Citation
____ 3. Any paragraph other than the introduction/conclusion must begin with:
A. A question mark B. Thesis statement C. Annotation
D. Topic sentence
____ 4. An example of a good “hook” would be:
A. A sentence with a larger font B. A statistic/interesting fact
C. A joke
D. A thesis statement
____ 5. The writer should end the conclusion with a statement that:
A. Scares the reader
B. Confuses the reader
C. Makes a lasting impression on the reader D. Does nothing
____ 6. The thesis statement:

A. Comes in the conclusion
B. Asks the reader a question
C. Tells what the essay will argue or be about D. Is one paragraph in length
____ 7. A topic sentence:
A. Tells what was on the news
B. Tells the reader what the last paragraph is about
C. Tells the reader what the current paragraph will be about D. Is found at the start of the introduction
____ 8. A good paragraph has:
A. Examples/Evidence and discussion B. A list of random things
C. Only one example and no discussion D. No connection to the thesis statement
____ 9. The five paragraph essay is the only way to ever write anything
A. True B. False
____ 10. You should always plan before you write
A. True B. False

Name: Period:

The Essay Structure Quiz KEY

Write the letter of the best answer. (10 points each)
____ 1. The five paragraph essay consists of a beginning introduction and a closing conclusion. The paragraphs in between are called:
A. Topic sentences
B. Transition paragraphs C. Body paragraphs
D. Connecting paragraphs
____ 2. The last sentence in the introduction is called the:
A. Thesis statement
B. Topic sentence C. Lasting statement D. Citation
____ 3. Any paragraph other than the introduction/conclusion must begin with:
A. A question mark B. Thesis statement C. Annotation
D. Topic sentence
____ 4. An example of a good “hook” would be:
A. A sentence with a larger font
B. A statistic/interesting fact
C. A joke
D. A thesis statement
____ 5. The writer should end the conclusion with a statement that:
A. Scares the reader
B. Confuses the reader
C. Makes a lasting impression on the reader D. Does nothing

____ 6. The thesis statement:
A. Comes in the conclusion
B. Asks the reader a question
C. Tells what the essay will argue or be about D. Is one paragraph in length
____ 7. A topic sentence:
A. Tells what was on the news
B. Tells the reader what the last paragraph is about
C. Tells the reader what the current paragraph will be about D. Is found at the start of the introduction
____ 8. A good paragraph has:
A. Examples/Evidence and discussion
B. A list of random things
C. Only one example and no discussion D. No connection to the thesis statement
____ 9. The five paragraph essay is the only way to ever write anything A. True
B. False
____ 10. You should always plan before you write
A. True
B. False



Establishing a Thesis Statement

Before you sit down and write, you need to know what your essay’s purpose is. To determine this, establish a thesis statement and consider where your thesis will take you.
Your paper will derive both its content and direction from your thesis statement. A thesis statement tells the reader exactly what your paper will argue. A thesis statement is usually one sentence, and it appears at the end of your introductory paragraph. It should be grammatically sound and clear. Lastly, every word in your thesis should have a purpose. An example:
Because violent videogames desensitize the user to violent content and cause aggressive behavior, increased regulations should be introduced to decrease violent content in these games.
Now, considering the example above, write your own thesis statement below:
Your thesis statement also tells the reader, or previews, the specific parts of the topic your paper will address. You cannot address every side of a topic, but you should break your argument down into areas that are both necessary and manageable. For example, a person writing a paper with the example thesis statement above will need to conduct research that answers the following questions:
-What are some examples of current violent videogames?
-What are some examples of linked aggressive behavior?
-Is there existing evidence to show that videogame use desensitizes the user? (i.e. psychological studies, testimony from users, etc.)
-Is there existing evidence that shows how these videogames cause this behavior? (school shootings, psychological studies that show physical changes in the user,
etc.)
-What are current regulations pertaining to this violent content? Why are these regulations ineffective?
(remember, the writer is proposing that these regulations should be increased-he or she must show why they are currently not working)
-How can regulations be increased? Are there other things that could be done to decrease the effects of violent videogames?

Looking at your thesis statement, how can you break your argument down into different sub-topics? What does the reader need to know to understand your topic?
Below, list different areas of your topic you think you should research and analyze:

Thesis Statement and Sub-Topics

My Thesis Statement Is:________________________________________________________________________________ These boxes represent sub-topics of your paper, but not necessarily specific paragraphs yet. Title each box and include ideas/sources.
Sub topic title: _______________
List Ideas/Sources Below:
____________________________ List Ideas/Sources Below:
List Ideas/Sources Below:
List Ideas/Sources Below:
List Ideas/Sources Below:
List Ideas/Sources Below:

Organizing Your Essay
Think about the different ways you can organize your essay. How can you break your thesis into paragraphs? Which sources will you use in each paragraph? Start by writing your thesis statement below. Then, come up with a topic sentence (the first sentence in a body paragraph that indicates the purpose of that paragraph) for each related body paragraph, list ideas you have for each paragraph, and record the titles of sources you could use in each section of your paper.
Thesis Statement:
Topic Sentence and ideas for Body Paragraph One:
Sources to use:
Topic Sentence and ideas for Body Paragraph Two:
Sources to use:

Topic Sentence and ideas for Body Paragraph Three:
Sources to use:
Topic Sentence and ideas for Body Paragraph Four:
Sources to use:
Topic Sentence and ideas for Body Paragraph Five:
Sources to use:


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