Life in an Indian Village
India is a developing country. The villages outnumber the towns and cities in India. More than seventy two per cent of the Indian population lives in villages. Almost all villagers are dependent on agriculture. Since Independence, the villages in India have been developing. A village is free from the hustle and bustle of a city life. Life in a village is peaceful, calm and quiet. The natural beauty and greenery are a feast for the eyes. There are village panchayats and village heads to look after the affairs of the village.
Life in a village is not as fast as it is In a city. Most Indian villages have one primary school. Students go to the nearest town for higher education. Unlike in a city, schools start late in a village. Students either walk or commute by bicycles. Very few vehicles run on the roads. Only a few buses are available at fixed hours.
The houses in Indian villages are mostly built of bamboo with thatched roofs. The bamboo walls are plastered with mud. A developed Indian village has brick houses with plastered roofs or tinned roofs. The typical village home also houses cattle, sheep, goats and poultry.
Villages have narrow roads. They have muddy roads or cobbled streets. A village road has paddy fields, vegetable fields and corn fields on either side. Small streams which facilitate irrigation adorn the fields.
Villages are thinly populated as compared to towns and cities. Every houses has a big open area at the front and a vegetable garden at the backyard. Some houses have flower gardens in front of them.
Most Indian villages have weekly mobile markets. Things of all kinds starting from clothes, food, and grocery to electrical gods, cattle, etc. are sold her. There are very few shops. People living in villages go to the towns for purchasing goods.
Villagers in hilly areas use the water of streams for drinking and washing villagers in the plains use well, hand pump or pond water for the same. Those residing near the river use river water. Most houses in remote villages some villages have government water supply facility. Most villages do not have provision for clean drinking water. Some villagers take their cattle to the pond. Buffaloes go deep in to the water and make it dirty.
Most of the rural areas are characterized by poverty. The levels of productivity are low. There is lack of basic minimum services. Villagers are superstitious to some extent.
However, unlike a city, a village has lots of open space and greenery. One can breathe the fresh air. Villages are free from pollution. The natural beauty of a village soothes the senses of its inhabitants. In village a person always gets fresh air to breathe which is good of his health. Country people are healthier than the people cities because they, unlike city people are healthier than the people of cities because they unlike city people, get pollution free air to breathe in. they do more physical labor in their fields and stay active while people of cities do not have enough time even for a morning walk due to their faster and hectic life. Even doctors suggest many a patient to spend some time in the countryside to heal themselves. Neighbors in a village live like a family. They help each other in the four of need. Villagers are simple, sincere and honest. The village folk not only dress simply but also display simplicity in their meals and work life. They are hardworking. They toil in the fields despite rain and heat.
Transportation is a big problem in villages. There are no proper roads in many villages. There is no electricity in a number of villages even after over six decades of independence. There is an acute scarcity of proper drinking water in many villages. The condition of healthcare is pathetic in remote villages.
The government of India has formulated the National Common Minimum programme for the overall development of our country. Under this programme different Ministries carry our different projects. The ministry of rural development has given foremost priority to the development of ru4al areas and the eradication of poverty and hunger from the face of rural India. A number of projects like Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Act , Sampoorna Grameen Rozgar Yojna, and Swaranjayanti Gram Swarojgar Yojana, etc. have been taken up. A vigilance committee has also been set up to oversee the implementation and ensure that benefits of such programmes actually reach the rural masses.
Essay No . 2
Life In An Indian Village
India is an agricultural country. Most of the people live in villages. They depend on land for their bread. They work hard in the open fields till it is almost dark. There are three types of villages in India. Those having many facilities are included in first category. In second category we have some facilities. In third category there is no facility such as post office, school, road, drains, light, telephone etc.
The villagers lead very simple life. The farmers breathe in fresh air and take simple diet which keep them fit and strong . their family is a good example of industry and co-operation. Wives help their husbands in the fields besides doing domestic duties. Even small children share their parents work.
It does not, however, mean that village life is all work and no play. The villagers have their own pleasures. While gathering the harvest, they chat, sing, dance and make merry. In leisure time, they gather at one place and sing songs and do country dances. Every day they have hours of rest and recreation. At noon they sit under some shady tree and enjoy smoking. In the evening, when the day’s work is over, they return home singing merry songs.
One thing pains me most. It is the rural illiteracy. The village people are mostly uneducated. One can deceive them easily. The Sahukars rob them of their money. They are prey to so many evils due to their ignorance. The custom of early marriage is very popular among them. Now it is losing ground with the spread of education.
The villagers quarrel with one another over little things. They often do murders for their false prestige. They sometimes do acts of robberies. They run to courts for settlement of their dispute. Thus they spend like water their hard earned money. Besides this, drinking is another vice. They are very fond of it. Specially on the occasions of marriage and festivals they take wine like water. These are two important causes of their poverty. There is no post office in a village. So it is very difficult to send and get letters. There are no means of recreation in a village. They pass their time in gossips. There is no hospital. There is no road. There are no drains.
The villagers have health but no wealth. They have strength but they have no culture. The villager is simple. He believes in unnecessary things. He knows no acts of cunningness. He is God fearing and not man – fearing. He is so superstitious that he does many bad thing out of ignorance. He has great respect for the dead but does not care for old people. The village which is near the city , is changing and progressing.
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The life in an Indian village comprises majorly of farmers. Agriculture is their main occupation. They work on the fields that are around the village. Indian economy is an agricultural one. So the importance of a farmer is very great. So, let's discuss, in brief, the life of an Indian farmer.
Hard Working : An Indian farmer is very hard working . He gets up early in the morning, takes his plow, and with his cattle goes to his field even before it is full daylight. E works there all day without caring for the hardships of weather. Winter, summer or rain, it is all the same for him. We find him working on his field sowing, plowing or reaping in biting cold as well as in the hot winds of summer.
He works till noon, when his wife or children bring mid-day meal for him. He takes his meal under the shade of some tree. After having is food and having washed it down with a glass of cool water of a flowing brook, he again resumes his work. He often sings a song or listens to the radio to break the monotony of his hard labor.
Village Chaupal: It is only with the approach of darkness that he returns back to home. At the door of his humble cottage, he is greeted by his children, some young and some bit grown up. Then he rests for a while and smokes his 'hukka' (a type of cigar). This is the happiest time of the day for him. Now he is the king of his humble cottage. After taking his dinner he goes to the village chaupal. There, he smoke, gossips and plays cards with his fellow farmers, who have also gathered there for some recreation. Many jokes and stories are narrated there. In this way, having passed an hour or two in laughing, talking and playing he returns home for his well earned rest.
Life : full of difficulties – Such is a typical day in the life in an Indian village. The life of an Indian farmer is full of difficulties too. In spite of his hard labor, he lives a life of extreme poverty. 'He is born in debt, lives in debt and dies in debt'. His crops are at the mercy of rains. Famines or floods often take away the fruits of his hard labor. Still he his contended and god fearing. When he falls ill, he finds that there are no medical facilities (but there is an exponentially rise in medical facilities at Indian villages nowadays and more work has been going on) for his treatment. Often he dies untreated and uncared and there are also only a few schools for the education of his children. Though the 'Sarv Shiksha Abhiyan' (Education for All mission) is doing very good, but still it will take some time to cover all the rural regions of India. The mud huts in which he lives are very vulnerable to natural disasters and they often fall down during rain and his humble belongings are all ruined.We, who live in cities, can not even imagine the hardships of hard life in an Indian Village.
Enjoys Nature's gifts : But the above mentioned was only one side of the picture. The life in an Indian village has a brighter side also. The inhabitants of a village enjoys fresh pollution free air and sunshine. Which the the two great blessings of god. Village people gets more wholesome food than those who live in cities. Moreover, the villagers are sympathetic and extend greater co-operation to each other in times of distress. Such fellow feeling and brotherhood are not heard of in the city, where even the next door neighbors do not know each other. They are far away from the stress and tensions of the thoughts of being richer, famous and popular. They just live their routine life in a happy manner despite of their hardships. This makes their life full with positive energy.