Harvard Style Essay Template Apa

APA stands for American Psychological Association and is the most commonly used to reference social sciences. Education, humanities, and sciences are often done in APA style citations. In order to write a formatted paper, you must follow EssayPro's specific style guide.

Table Of Contents

How to write in APA

The general format consists of the following rules:

  • Clear font: Times New Roman 12pt font double spaced
  • 1” margins on all sides
  • Include heading on the top of every page that includes the shortened title of your essay (>50 characters)
  • Use a clear font that is highly readable
  • Insert a page number on the right
  • APA recommends using 12 pt. Times New Roman font

Additionally, the APA essay format is divided into four parts:

  • Title Page
  • Abstract
  • Main Body
  • References

The cover page is the first page of your essay. The abstract is the next page, then the main body. The last page is the bibliography otherwise called the “References” page.

Title Page

  • The title page, otherwise called the cover page, should include the title of your paper, your name, and your institutional affiliation.

  • You should include a page header on the left of your paper. Your page number should go on the right.

  • All text in your article, including the title page, should be double-spaced.

  • Your title should be centered in the upper half of the page. APA recommends keeping the title short (>12). Make sure your title contains no abbreviations or words with no purpose.

Heading examples

  • Example of a BAD title: How is AAV Harmful to the American Education System and Possible Solutions to the Issue

  • Example of a GOOD title: African American Vernacular and the American Education System

The bad example contains 15 words and an abbreviation. The good example is shorter and contains no abbreviation.

After the title, type your full name: first, middle initial(s), and last name(s). Do not, however, include titles such as Dr. or degrees (Ph.D.). Beneath your name, type your institutional affiliation. That would be your school, university, or anything else of that matter.


  • Your abstract should be on the following page after your title page. Your abstract should already include the header on the top left.
  • On the first line, center the word “Abstract”. It should not have any additional formatting (no bold, italics, underlining, quotation marks, etc.)
  • Next, write an abstract. Your abstract is a concise summary of what your research was about. It should contain:
  • Research question
  • Participants
  • Methods
  • Results
  • Data analysis
  • Conclusion
  • Your abstract should be between 150-250 words.
  • It is optional to list keywords in your abstract. You have to create a new paragraph and type keywords in italics and then list your keywords.

Note that some teachers/professors maybe have deviations to some of the characteristics that the APA format originally requires, such as those listed above.


Style Guide with Examples

The last page of your essay will be an annotated bibliography. Here are the most common citation examples:

  • How to Cite Books: Author [last name], A.A [first and middle initial]. (Year of Publication). The title of work. Publisher City, State: Publisher.

    • Miller, A.(1953). The Crucible. New York: Viking Press.
  • How to Cite E-Books: Author [last name], A.A [first and middle initial]. (Year of Publication). The title of work [E-Reader Version]. Retrieved from {link}

    • Miller, A. (2008). The Crucible [Kindle Version]. Retrieved from {link}
  • How to Cite a Film: Producer [last name], A.A. [first name middle initial] (Producer), & Director, A.A. (Director). (Release Year). The title of motion picture [Motion Picture]. Country of Origin: Studio

    • Hitchcock, A. (Producer & Director). (1960). Psycho [Motion Picture]. United States: Paramount.
  • How to Cite a Photograph: Photographer, A.A.. (Photographer). (Year, Month Date of Publication). Title of photograph [photograph]. City, State of publication: Publisher/museum.

    • Adams, A. (Photographer). (1942). Close-up of leaves In Glacier National Park (1942) [photograph]. New York, NY: New-York Historical Society.
  • How to Cite a Website: Author [last name], A.A [first and middle initial]. (Year, Month Date of Publication). Article title.
    Retrieved from {link}

    • Monbiot, G. (2014, October 14). The Age of Loneliness is Killing Us. Retrieved from {link}
  • How to Cite a Journal: Author [last name], A.A [first and middle initial]. (Publication Year). Article title. Periodical Title, Volume (Issue), pp.-pp.

    • Bellamy, M. (1999). Show-Business: A Chain of Inspiration. Music Theory Today: Influence of Alternative Rock. 13(3-4), 147-148.
  • How to Cite a Newspaper: Author [last name], A.A [first and middle initial]. (Year, Month Date of Publication). Article title. Magazine Title, pp. xx-xx.

    APA Citation Guide

    When constructing APA Style in-text citations, you need to do the following:

    • Capitalize author name and initial.

    • When referring to the title of the source, capitalize all the letters.

    • Italicize or underline titles of longer works such as books, movies, documentaries, music albums, and television series.

    • Put quotations around articles, television series episodes, and song titles.

    • In short quotes (>40 words) you will want to introduce the phrase with the author’s last name and include the date of publication in parenthesis. At the end of the quote, you will need to add a page number for reference.

    • If the author is not named, place the author’s name, year of publication, and page number in parentheses after the quotation.

    • In quotations that are over 40 words, block quotes are used. Indent the quote ½ from the left margin in a new paragraph. The citation should come after the punctuation mark.

    When summarizing or paraphrasing, you input your in-text reference (author and year of publication). The page number is optional.


    It is the best to keep track of your sources. You can do so by listing a point and adding information (Author name, page number, URL) in the subheading.

    Format template:

    Keep in mind that when writing an outline, your information in headings should be of equal importance.

    • The main point of paragraph #1
    • From: source.
    • Subpoint of paragraph
    • From: source
    • The main point of paragraph #2
    • From: source
    • Subpoint of paragraph
    • From: source
    • The main point of paragraph #3
    • Subpoint of paragraph
    • From: source

    Reference Page

    A reference page appears at the end of the paper. In other paper formatting styles, it is known as the “Bibliography” or the “Works Cited”. Style references serve to help the reader locate your sources.

    • Center “References” at the top of your page. Do not boldface, underline, or put quotation marks around it.

    • Your reference page should be double-spaced.
      All lines after the first line in your reference list should have a hanging indent. Indent one-half an inch from the left margin.

    • Authors names are “last name, first name.” If the piece has more than one author, list their names as initials.

    • Your list should be in alphabetical order.

    • Italicize books and journals. Put quotes around articles and essays.

    Need help with your APA references right away?

    Many students often find themselves confused by the changing requirements of the APA referencing style. Our unique custom essay writing service can make sure that the end result meets all the current requirements. Select a professional essay writer and stun your professors with your academic prowess!

    Writer's Advice

    Gee Writes, from EssayPro

    This style is incredibly useful to learn, especially if you are studying in the American system of education. Most of my orders require me to cite things in APA. Something most people forget to include in their formatted paper is a running head at the top of each page. This is a fairly big issue, as it is an important and a prominent part of the APA style. Here’s a quick run-down of how to format the running head on Microsoft Word: simply double click the header area of the document. A “Header and footer tools design” tab will come up. Select Options and select Different first Page. As the article states, the first page differs from the second page. On page 1, put your header with “Running head:” in front, and on page two put your header (may or may not be abbreviated) without “Running head” in front. Good luck formatting your essay and don’t forget your Running head!

    Harvard Style Paper Guidelines

    Harvard Style Cover Page

    Harvard essay format is very specific and organized. It requires a very particular title page with the following instructions:

    • The title of the paper is placed halfway down the page and written in capital letters.
    • After the title, three lines down write the name of the author in small letters.
    • Move four lines down and place the name of the class.
    • Move one line down put the name of the professor.
    • The next line entails the name of the school.
    • Then move to the next and write the city and state located and the final line should have the date.
    • The cover page of the Harvard essay format gives you all the information one needs to know about the author in question.

    There are several key components to note when using the Harvard format. The title in a Harvard essay format is right justified. A partial title expresses the main idea in the essay between it, and the page number is exactly five spaces. The Harvard essay format cover sheet would like roughly like this:

    The Harvard Essay Template

    • by (Name of the author)
    • Name of the Class (Course)
    • Professor
    • Name of University
    • City and State where university is located
    • Date

    Here are other essay formatting styles:



    Paragraphs in a Harvard Format Essay

    The Harvard essay format paragraphs are highly structured. The first section of the article is supposed to be captivating and entertaining. The article may begin with a lively quotation or an interesting fact and information that sheds light on the essay in question.

    The introduction should smoothly lead to the thesis statement. The thesis statement refers to the main idea of the sentence and a summary of what the article body entails.

    The first sentence in the body paragraph should tell the reader what the paragraph is discussing. The topic sentence is followed by supporting facts that relate to it. The details in the supporting sentences can be facts, quotations or analysis.

    The paragraph then concludes with a sentence that summarizes what the paragraph is about and leads into the next section smoothly. Subheadings can also be used to introduce new subtopics and are italicized. 

    Transition between the Paragraphs

    Writing an article using the Harvard format one should show the transition from one paragraph to the next and these paragraphs should be interconnected.

    The topic should gradually grow from one point to the next. A paragraph in Harvard format has three parts:

    - The topic sentence

    - Supporting details 

    - Closing sentence form

    Citations in a Harvard Style Paper

    One can use in-text citations. With the Harvard style, a quote uses the author's name and first initial, year of publication and page number where the information appears. Citation for each fact is provided, if not it is considered plagiarism which is a serious offense. In-text citations for example from J. K. Rowling book published in 2004 page 45 would look like (Rowling J.K,2004,45).These quotes make the Harvard format essay easy to understand and comprehend as one read.

    Harvard style uses a standard font such as Times New Roman or Arial at size 12. Fancy fonts are not allowed because the Harvard format is used in writing outstanding academic and research essays. The essay should be double-spaced with smooth left margins. In the Harvard format titles of journals, newspapers or books or websites are italicized in in-text citations while that of poems and short stories is written in "quotation marks". This helps readers know what they are referring to read quickly through an essay written in the Harvard format.


    The conclusion of a Harvard format essay is vital and should be written with high accuracy understanding and mastery. The first sentence of the conclusion is used to put emphasis on the thesis statement and remind the reader what the essay has proved showed or theorized. After the first sentence provides brief information of the main points that were discussed throughout the whole piece to encourage remembrance of the most important points that were discussed. It mainly involves a summary of the main points of the article in other words. The essay should then finish with an outstanding powerful message that leaves the reader still thinking minutes or hours after they have finished reading the article.

    The conclusion is followed by the reference page which consists of the reference list and is placed in its page known as the reference page.

    The general format of a Harvard essay referencing is referenced as follows:

    • Book Author's Last Name, First Initial
    • Year of publication
    • The title of book (capitalized)
    • City of Publication: Publisher

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